BOTANICAL NAME : PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA

FAMILY: FABACEAE

Dry fruit  of  leguminous plant Psoraliacorylifolia Linn is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicine and officially listed in chinesepharmacopia. The plant is an annual herb and  has immense  biological importance. It has been widely exploited since ages for its magical effect against several skin diseases  such as psoriasis,  leukoderma, and leprosy.

The drug “ BAKUCHI”  have no  synonyms from   vedic literature .Though somavathi is described in Rigveda  its identity with P. corylifolia is not established.

In charakasamhitha the name  kushtagna is used for khadira or  prapunnada but not for Bakuchi.Avalguja  is the undisputed name of this  plant  in BhratTrayi.

The tribal name ‘Sevaraja’ in the forest areas of Bihar for Vernoniaanthelmintica wild may also   be considered for somarajiacc to Thakurji

There are two important properties for Bakuchi like vishagna and svitranashana.

The name Bakuci is being used by only Sushrutha  and vaghbata.

 

 

VARIETIES

 

  • Swethaavalguja

 

  • Krishna Avalguja,

SYNONYMS

 

  • AVALGUJA
  • PUTIPHALA
  • SOMARAJI
  • SOMAVALLI
  • CHANDRASHAKLA
  • KRISHNAPHALA

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

Hindi                                       :         Bavachi, bakuchi, babchi

English                           :         Psoralia seed, Malaya Tree, Purple flame

Kannada                        :         Bavanchi, Bavachige

Bengali                           :         Habuch

Telugu                            :         Bavanchalu

Tamil                             :         Karpokarisi, karpokaralasi

Malayalm                       :         Karkokil , Karkokilari, Kaurkolari

 

PART USED

 

  • Seeds
  • Seed oil
  • Root
  • Leaves

PROPERTIES

 

RASA                  :                  KATU, TIKTA

GUNA                  :                  LAGHU, RUKSHA

VIRYA                 :                  USHNA

VIPAKA              :                  KATU

PRABHAVA       :                  SWITHRA KUSHTA NASHANA

 

KARMA

 

  • KAPHA VATAHARA
  • RASAYANA
  • KESHYA
  • TWACHYA
  • KUSHTAGNA
  • BALYA
  • VISHTAMBAHARA
  • RUCHYA
  • RAKTHA PITTAHARA
  • HRIDYA
  • SHWASAGNA
  • PRAMEHAGNA
  • JWARAGNA
  • KRIMIGNA
  • PANDU ROGHAHARA
  • VAJIKARA

 

PRAYOGA

 

  • SHWITRA
  • KUSHTA
  • KHALIYA
  • VARNYA
  • NADIDAURBHALYA
  • AGNIMANDYA
  • JEERNA JWARA
  • AMADOSHA
  • VIBHANDHA
  • TWAK ROGA
  • HRITSHODHA
  • KASA
  • KLAIBYA

THERAPEUTIC ACTION

 

  • Seeds are prescribed with the other drugs combination in snake bite and scorpionsting. Seeds are ground with water and the liquid is poured into each nostril in stuper and coma.
  • In sadyovrana, backache leaf paste is applied over cut wound to check bleeding.
  • In badriya , powder of Musali and Bakuchi  is given. To relieve kushta, bakuchi is to be taken with ushnadaka and patient is exposed to sunlight and kept on milk diet.
  • A compound ointment of the powdered seeds of bakuchi and cakramarda (cassia tora) with lime juice was tried in cases of ringworm with marked beneficial effect.

MATRA

 

  • BEEJA CHOORNA (SEED POWDER) : 3-6 g
  • FOR KRIMI                              : 4 – 6g
  • TINCTURE                              : 3 –  15 ML /DAY
  • OIL APPLIED EXTERNALLY

 

AUSHADHA YOGA (FORMULATIONS)

 

  • Bakuchitaila
  • Somarajitaila
  • Avalgujaditaila
  • Svitraghavati
  • Bakuchirasayana
  • Mahanilatailam
  • Khadiraristha

 

RESEARCH STUDY

 

  • In the preliminary clinical studies. (At the kolkata school of tropical medicine, Kolkata) the olio resinous extract of the seeds was found to be the most effective preparation when applied locally on the patches of leucoderma.
  • The extract of seeds produced a rise in BP on anaesthetized  dogs and caused stimulation of intestinal smooth muscle both invivo and  invitro
  • Psoralen, one ofthe chemical content also seemed to have progesterone like activity on sexually immature rabbits.
  • The anti bacterial activity of essential oil is also documneted
  • The action of psoralen on pigment production has been studied in some detail at the CDRI

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