INTRODUCTION

 

There is no reference of baladvaya in authoritative books of dravayaguna. Usually in the name of BaladvayaBalaAtibaladravyas are considering.

In Vedic literature BALA is described as Rasayana, Visaghna, Balya and prameghana.Majumdas is of the opinion that ‘Arundhati’ or Sahadevi’ may be Bala in the Vedic literature.

But in the bhavaprakashaNighantu there is reference for Balacatushtayam. Though there are different opinions regarding the name of the plants commonly accepted is

  1. Bala
  2. Atibala
  3. Mahabala
  4. Nagabala

 

BALA

 

Botanical Name        : –      Sidacordifolia Linn.

Family Name              : –      Malvaceae

Gana                            : –      Charaka      = Bala, Bramhaniya

Shushrutha =  Vatasamana

Vagbhata    =   Vatasamana

 

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

Hindi                   = Kharainti, Basiyara

Telugu               =   Chirubenda,Chittamutti

Tamil                  =    PaniyarTuttul, Nilathuththi

English              = Country mollow,sida

Malayalam        = Kattusum, Vellusum

Kannada            = Hettuti

 

 

 

SYNONYMS

 

Bala                     = That which gives strength

Vadya                  =  Having strong fibres

Vadyalika           = Herb growing in the field or occurring widely.

Odhanahva        = The seeda of which are like cereals.

Garayashtika     = Having bairy& rough stem.

Balatya               = That which give it tenacity & strength.

Pethapushpa     = Flowers are yellow in colour.

Bhathrothani     = The seeds of which are like cereals.

Vinaya                = The plant is used as strength promoting.

Vishwadeva       = Using everybody.

Arishta                = Leafs are serrited.

Mrugarasa          = Volatile oil is more.

Shithapaki          = The fruit ripen in winter

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

 

  • Plant contain alkaloidal past 0.085% &  seed contain highest content 0.32%
  • Ephedrine forms major part of alkaloidal content.
  • Hypaphorine, vasicinone, vascicine, vasicinol chlorine, betaine, phytosterolete& also fatty acids, mucilaginousmatter,potassiumnitrare,resin,phytosterol.
  • Plant has not yet shown presence of tannin,glucoside.

 

 

PROPERTIES

 

Rasa                        = Madhura

Guna                       = Guru, snigda,pichilla

Virya                       = Shithavirya

Vipaka                    = Madhura

Karma                    = Balya, Bramhaniya,Krimigna,Rasayana

Roga                        = Grahani,Athmana,pkshagatha

Dosaghnatha         = Vatapittahara

 

 

 

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • Antravrddhi = Balaksheera is added to erandatila and administered orally ( C.D)
  • Galaganda = Bala,Atibala and nevadasu are powdered 7 given through oral rout ( S.S.Ci 18)
  • Vatavyadhi = Balayusa is best  for the vatarogas (V.M)

Kashaya of the balamula with ginger is given in intermittent fever.

  • Leucorrhoea           = Powder of the root bark is given with milk and sugar for the relief of frequent micturation& leucorrhoea.
  • Facial paralysis = The bark of the root with sesama oil and milk is very efficacious in curing facial paralysis.
  • Gonorrhea = The seeds are rockoned aphrodisiac & are administered    in gonorrhoea.

 

 

 

FOLKLORE USES

 

  • Blood flux           = The leaves mixed with rice
  • Rheumatism = The juice of the plant is used.
  • Arshas = The twigs are fibrous they are boiled in milk &whislcea with the twigs cougulates,thedecented liquid is given in pils.
  • Elephantiasis = a paste of the root made with the juice of palmyra palm is locally used.
  • Ulcers = The juice of the root is applied as a sedative over ulcers.
  • Rheumatism = The root are pounded and boiled in oil which is applied to rheumatism

 

 

 

 

 

PART USED               

 

Root:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOSAGE

 

Churna      = 3-6g

Kvatha       = 50-100ml

 

 

 

PREPARATIONS

 

Balatila

Balarasayana

Ksirabalatila

CandanaBala

Laksaditila

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ATIBALA

 

Botanical Name          : – AbutilonIndicomLinn.

Family Name               : – Malvaceae

Gana                              : – Charaka= Bramhaniya

Sushrutha = Vatasamsamana
Vagbhatta = Vatasamsamana
 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

Hindi                             : – Kanghi,Kankatika

Kannada               : – Shrimudregida,Mudregida

Tamil                   : – Tutti

Telugu                 : – Tutturubenda

Malayalam          : -Vrqam, urabam,Katuvan

English                 : – Indian Mallow

SYNONYMS

 

Atibala: – The roots are very strong when administred increase Bala.

Rishyaproktha      : – It grows widely and very common in forests.

Kankathika            : – The fruits resemble comb.

Peethapushpa       : – The flowers are yellow in colour.

Varshapushpika   : – Blossoming in rainy season.

Vadyapushpi         : – The plant occurring in wild like that of  Bala&

having yellow flowers.

Saha                        : – Promotes Bala or physical strength.

 

PROPERTIES

 

 

Rasa                   : – Madhura

Guna                  :- Laghu, Snigdha

Virya                  :- Sita

Vipaka               :- Madhura

Karma               :- Vata pitta hara,Balya,Bramhanavrsya.

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • Slipada – Bala and Atibala are taken with milk early in the morning.
  • Mutrakracchra – Decoction of Atibala will be used.
  • Raktapradara – Root powder of Atibala is given with sugar & Honey.
  • RaktaPradara – Root powder of Atibala is given with together
  • Raktamutra – Mula decoction.
  • Arshas&bastiroga – The seeds are used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOLK PRACTICES

 

  • For the treatment of inflammation of the oral mucosa, blenorrhea,Asthamativ bronchitis and nasal congestion.
  • Stomatitis,Facialparalysis,piles elephantiasis.
  • In many part of Africa for various ailments particularly for respiratory problems
  • It is an anti – inflammatory drug,due to the ephedrine content,it possesses psycho-stimutant properties.
  • It affecting the CNS also CVS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

 

Hescoses, n-alkane mixtures, alkanols Beta- sitosterol,vanillic,

P-coumaric, caffic,Fumaric& amino acids, alantolactone, isoalantolacone etc.

 

 

PART USED

 

 

Root

 

 

 

DOSAGE

 

Kvatha                 :- 50-100 ml

Churna               : – 3-6 g.m

 

IMPORTANT PREPARATIONS

 

AtibalaRasayana

Balatila

Narayana Tila

MahanarayanaTila

RESEARCH WORK

 

  • Crude extract of s.rhombifolia ( 5 & 10 Kg) produce sedative effect and significant potentialion of phenobarabitone sleeping time in mice. Extract didnit produce any change in the normal temperature of the mice, but 10 g/ Kg dose showed significant decrease in rectal temperature of pyretic rats 2 and 3 hr after administration ( Japanese . J . Phusm, 21 : 136, 1971 )
  • In an experimental study on the Rasayana drugs viz, Bala, Atibala,Mahabala&Bhumibala have been screened for their immuno – enhancing properties. Animals of drugs treated group showed statistically an enhanced production of “ anti s typhi ‘o’ ” antibodies. Abutilon indicum ( Atibala ) was best drug in augmenting antibody production ( Dixit,1978)

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