Drona Pushpi

Leucas cephalotus Linn – Ayurvedic Herb

 

Drona pushpi

 

SYNONYMS

 

  • Ksavapatra
  • Chatrini
  • Palepushpa
  • Guma
  • Nahula
  • Adhicchatra
  • Dvesyamesa
  • Gotamah
  • Putigandhika
  • Kumbhayoni
  • Kutumbaka
  • Drona
  • Swasanaka
  • Palindi
  • Chatrani
  • Chatraka
  • Koodinya
  • Vrakshasaraka
  • Dhirgapatra
  • Supuspa
  • Chitrapatrika

 

TYPES

 

According to Abhidhana ratnamala

  • Two varieties
  • Mahadrona
  • Dronapushpa

According to Raja narahari

  • Drona – Lucas aspera
  • Mahadrona – L. Cephalotus
  • Another species – L. indica

 

PART USED

  • Panchanga

 

FORMULATION

 

  • Plihari vati
  • Gorocanadi vati
  • Nimbadilepa
  • Sahacharadi taila

DOSAGE

 

  • Swarasa-5-10ml.
  • Churna-1-3gm

 

PROPERTIES

 

Rasa: katu, lavana, Madhura.

Guna: Guru, Ruksha, Theekshna

Veerya: Ushna.

Vipaka: Madhura

Doshsgnhtha: Kapha, vata, shamaka.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

  • Its Panchanga contains B-sisstesterol, flavinol, Glycoside.
  • Flowers  contain an essential oil, A bitter principle seeds a contain a fixed oil , caryophyllene, oxide, 26.56% Gama- Fenchene 12.02%, Alpha- cordional 2.13% , 1-hepten 3-01, 6.53%, menthol 6.30%, deca hydro naphthalene 5.15%, and trans –caryophyllene 4.05%.
  • Labdane, Noraladane, laballenic acid lauric acid, glutaric acid, Adipic acid , tridecanoic acid.

 

KARMA

  • Bhedana
  • Kaphagna
  • Amapacaka
  • Kamalahara
  • Shothoghna
  • Shvasagna
  • Krimigana
  • Swedajanana
  • Vata prashamana
  • Samsrana
  • Vishamajvarahara

 

PRAYOGA

  • Kaamala
  • Shotha
  • Shwasa
  • Vishamajvara
  • Kandu
  • Udara shoola
  • Pratisyaya
  • Jvara
  • Shira shoola

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

Vishamajvara– Fresh juice of dronapuspi and tulasi are useful.            [Sharangadhara Samhita madhyamakhanda]

 Kaamala: Anjana with the juice of dronapuspi useful. [Gadanigraha].                                            

Netrarogani: dronapuspi juice is mixed with rice water and used orally as well as topically.                                 [G.N]

Pittajavikara : Hima prepared by sariva, rasani, guduchi,  rakthachandana and dronapuspi.         [Siddhayogasangraha]

Paandu : Hima prepared by dronapuspi and padmaka, sariva drugs are useful.                 [Siddhayogasangraha]

 

PHARMACO THERAPEUTIC ACTION AND USES

 

Lecus cephalotes has been reported to exert hepatoprotective action in carbon tetra chloride induced hepatotoxicity in animals.

Juice of it has been reported to act as an antibilious in herbal therapy for jaundice

It has shown positive test in filariesis

The whole plant powder in the proportion of 70% in the herbal composition is patented to cure epileptic convulsions and cerebral function disorders.

It is also having the properties of antipyretic, stimulant , expectorant, aperients , diaphoretic, insecticidal, emmenagogue, and antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti diabetic.

They are useful in colic, dyspepsia arthralgia.

 

FOLKLORE USES

 

  • Plant decoction is used in the treatment of malarial fever .
  • The leaves juice is used topically in psoriasis, skin eruption , and scabies and internally for the treatment of urinary complaints.
  • The flowers are administered in the form of syrup or with honey for cough and cold.
  • The dried inflorescences are smoked and the smoke exhaled through the nose to treat nose bleeds.
  • Dried leaves along with tobacco (1:3) are smoked to treat bleeding as well as itching piles and fresh leaves eaten as a potent herb.

 

CULTIVATION

 

Cultivated fields as a weed , especially after a period of rain . It is collected for use as a leafy vegetable in rural areas . it is cultivated itself for its medicinal uses . And really available in market.

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

 

ANTIBACTERIAL

Leucas cephalotes a common ethanomedicinal plant’s used by folklore of tirupathi andrapradesh for fever and urinary tract infection.  Organic extracts hexane and methanolic extracts showed prominent antibacterial activity .

 

IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY

It is mild stimulant diaphoretic and used for fever

The overall study showed that dronapushpi decoction was beneficial to naveen (new) amavata.

The claim of folk ore amavata probably more beneficial if used with suitable vedanasthapana (analgesic)  drugs

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