Haritaki:- TERMINALIA CHEBULA Retz.

COMBRETACEAE FAMILY

 

LITERARY REVIEW

 

TERMINALIA CHEBULA is an extensively used herbal drug

Rtuharitaki

It is classically recommended as rtuharitaki for using the drug during the course of different seasons.

 

Rtu

 

Anupana
Varsasaindhava
SaradaSarkara
HemandaSunthi
SisiraPippali
VasanthaMadhu
GreeshmaGuda

 

 

 

  • Various medicinal properties of drug fruit are specified in relation to its mode of use such as chewing,powdering,boiling and frying of fruit is stomachic,laxative, astringent and countering Tri-dosasrespectively.

 

  • Haritaki is having 5 rasas except salt taste.

 

 

GANA

 

 

 

 

According to          – Prajasthapana,jwaraghana, kushtaghna , kasahara , arsogna .

 

 

According to susrutha -Triphala,amalakyadi,parooshakadi,trivritadigana.

 

 

According to susrutha – Triphala,amalakyadi,parooshakadi,trivritadigana.

According to bhavaprakasha –Haritakyadivarga

 

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

Sanskrit   – pathya,haritaki,abhaya

English   – myrobalan,inknut,Indian gallnut

French -Badamierchebule

Germen- Rispigermyrobalanenbaum

Hindi      – Har, pile har

Punjabi – Hale la

Arab-halilaja

Persian-halia-hezarda

Sind-imachi

Bengali-hora

Kashmiri-zardhalela

Gujarati-himaja

Telengu-karakkya

Tamil- kadukkai

Malayalam-kadukkai

Kannada-anilaykayi

Sinhala-aralu

Malaya-buahkaduk

Assam-hilikha

Burma-pangah

Chinese- helile

Tulu -anile kayi

 

 

SYNOYMS AND INTERPRETATION

 

 

Haritaki – one which cures many diseases.

 

Abhyada – By consuming this drug , there is no fear of disease.

 

Avyadha – There is no disease .

 

Padhya – Which is good for the body.

 

Kayastha- It brings stability.

 

Pootana –  Body becomes pure by its anuloma action.

 

Haimavathi – Available in himalaya Pradesh.

 

Chetaki – It opens the channels of body.

 

Sreyasi – good for health.

 

Shiva   –   good for health.

 

Jaya    –    to win over the diseases.

 

Vijaya –    To win the diseases it is helpful.

 

Pranada     –    Which gives life.

 

Amritha –     Having very good quality like ambrosia.

 

 

PROPERTIES

 

 

RASA:        Pancha rasa yukta,Kashayapradhana , Alana exception

 

GUNA :      Laghu ,Rooksha

 

Virya :        Usna

 

Vipaka :      Madhura

 

DosaKarma : Tridosahara,Vatasamaka

 

Prabhava : TridosaSamaka

 

Karma :      rasayana, Vayahsthapana , Ayusya , Sarvarogaprashamana , Deepana, pashana , Anulomana, MrbuRechana, Grahi, krmighna, mehahara, Arsoghna, Hridya, ShonitaSthapana , Prajasthapana, GarbhashayaShothahara, Naditantra, Medhya, VrnaSodhana, VrnaRopana , Jvaragha , Santarpana ,

 

 

 

PRAYOGA

 

 

 

 

Dosa Karma :   Tridusahara

 

Samstanika Karma :   rasayana

 

NadiSamstana :   Naditantra ,Nadidourbalya, Mastiskaclourbalya

 

PacanaSamstana :          AgnimamdyaAjerna, Sulu, Anaba, Adhmama, Vibandha, Chardi ,  Udararogagulma , krimi, Arsa

 

RaktaVahaSamstana :  Hreldourbalya , RaktaVikaraVatarakta

 

PrajananSamstana:GarbanaShayadourbalya,Upadamsa

 

SwasanaSamstana : Kasa ,Swasa, Svaravikara

 

MootravahaSamstana :   Mutrakrcchra , Mutraghata, asmari , prameha .

 

 

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUTION

 

  • Tannin (30%)
  • Chebulinic Acid
  • Gallic Acid , resin
  • Purgative of Nature of anthrax guinone
  • Corilangin
  • Chebulagic Acid

 

 

 

TERAPEUTIC USES :

 

 

 

 

  • In Arsas – Haritaki Powder with sugar internally.
  • Major drug among rejuvenation.
  • Fruit is Stomachic ,tonic , Carminative ,expenturant, antihelmintic , anticlysenteric and alterative .
  • In stomach disorders ,powder of Tchebula used internally.
  • In pakvaAtisara – Haritaki Powder along with Hot water
  • In PanduRoga –  Haritaki Powder along with gomuthara
  • In vataRakta -Haritaki Powder with guda.
  • The ripe fruit is purgative, tonic , carminative and enriches the blood.
  • It is useful in ophthamia , diseases of spleen , piles , cold, paralysis . It strengthens brain , eyes , gums .
  • Fruits used in sour throat .
  • Finely powdered fruit is used as dentrifice medicine useful in carious teeth , bleeding and ulcerative conditions of the gums.
  • In condition of constipation, disease with constipation symptometc, fruit powder is taken with warm water in night.
  • In sandhivata – Haritakichoorna with castor oil internally .Also in sciatica.
  • In bleeding disorders – haritaki powder and pippali powder in equal quantity , given bhavana with swarasa of adathodavascica and given internally along with honey.

 

 

 

 

FOLK LORE USES

 

  • A decoction of the fruits is a good astringent wash.
  • A fruit, coarsely powdered and smoked in pipe, affords relief in a fit of asthma.
  • A fine paste, obtained by rubbing the fruit on a rough stone with little water, mixed with oil and applied to burns and scalds.
  • The fruit in combination with other drugs is prescribed for snake bite.

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

  • One study reveals the anti oxidant activity of ethanolic extract of terminalicchebula fruit against isoproterenol – induced oxidativestress in rats. the result shows the significant anti oxidant activity.
  • Anti – microbial activity ofTerminaliachebula was tested against helicobacter pylori. Waterextracts of terminaliachebula inhibited urease activity of H.pylori signified antibacterial activity.
  • chebula exhibited strong anti microbial activity against methiallin resistant strains of staphylococcus aureus.
  • chebula extract showed a potent wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against human pathogenic gram positive and negative bacteria.

 

DOSAGE

Fruit (greater) – 3-6 Gms (as laxative)

  • 1 gm as alternative .

Lesser      – 1-3 Gms.

 

FORMULATION

Abhayamodaka , Abhayarishta, Pathyadivadi, Vyaghriharitaki , citrakaharitaki, Agasthyaharitaki, Dantiharitaki, Haritakikhanda , Pathyadichoorna, Haritakyadikwatha, Pathyadikwatha, Dasamoolaharitaki, Triphala, Pathyadivarti, Haritakyadirasayana, Pathyavaleha, Abhayalepa, Pathyatrikam.

ETHNOBOTANY

 

In India fruits are available in markets. They used as a mild laxative and as an ashriant against wounds and abscesses.

  • In dental care dried powder is applied against stomatitis and against ulcers of the gum.
  • Plant is used as antidode in snake bites.
  • In southeast asia , it is a popular folk medicine for antitussive , homeostatic , laxative and cardiotonic treatments

 

 

1 COMMENT

  1. sir
    As I’m doing research on medicinal herbs in healing against hepatorenal toxicity for my Phd research work. could you please suggest me which herbs are best to treat against hepatorenal toxicity. So far I have chosen,Ginger,Amla,coriander,mint, fig,etc,My Email Id is :sj2khan16@gmail.com. please suggest me some herbs so that my research work would prove fruitful result.Looking forward for your reply.
    with regards
    shaista jabeen

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