KANTAKARI

Solanum xanthocarpum – Ayurvedic Herb

Solanum_xanthocarpum_02

 

 

 

 

LITERARY VIEW

 

Panini described Kantakarika  in his work (PG4/ 154 and 167) . Atharva parisista  Vyaghri and Simhi are mentioned  vyaghreemani dharana  is delineated  in atharvaveda .

Vaghbata specifically  indicated Nidigdhika for kasa . It is extensively used for this purpose in the classical and traditional medicine. Usually two varities  viz Brihati dwaya or Kantakaridwaya.

Some of the synonyms like Dhavanee, vyaghree, Brihati  have been used for both kinds of kantakari . It is observed that more than one variety  or species of both erect and creeping kinds are available for both the plants but usually one variety each only accepted in the texts. Kayyadeva  however mentioned 2 varities  of kantakari  viz Neela  and swetha kantakaree (according to color of flower) also mentioned  2 varities of brihathi and swetha brihathi. Raja nighandu  mentioned 8 types swetha kantakarei is described as lakshmana  by bhavamishra, Raja Narahari included  it under kantakaritraya (Brihati , Agnidamini, Dusparsha).

 

 

SYNONYMS

o   Kantakinee

o   Kashaghnee

o   Kulee

o   Kshudra

o   Kshudraphala

o   Chitraphala

o   Dusparsha

o   Dravanee

o   Dhavanee

o   Nidigdhika

o   Prachodathee

o   Rashtrika

o   Vyaghree

o   Varthaki

o   Sprushi

o   Kantalika

o   Rashtri

o   Bahukanta

o   Dushpradharshini

o   Kantalee

o   Kshudra Kandakee

o   Brihatee

o   Swetha

o   Kshudrakanta

o   Kantarika

 

 

                          INTERPRETATIONS

 

KANTAKINI               –        plant has thrones

KASAGHINI                 –        it’s a  good  medicine for cough (cures cough)

KULEE                          –        it’s gregarious in habit

KSHUDRA                      –      its morphologically similar to brihati but small in size

DUSPARSHA               –        it’s difficult to touch the plants due to  thorn

DRAVANEE                 –        it liquefies  thickened phlegm

DHAVANEE                 –        plant is prostrate in habit

NIDIGDHIKA               –        due to its USHNA & TEEKSHNA qualities it

Spreads all over the body

VYAGHREE                 –        it improves olfactory function or to

Individual becomes like that of tone of tiger.

CHITRAPHALA           –        fruits are variegated

KSHUDRAPHALA       –        fruits are smaller in size when compared with brihati

 

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English                       :     Yellow berried night shade

Hindi                          :     Katai,  kataikhuadda, katelli, ringni

Kannada                     :     Nelagulle

Malayalam                 :     Kantakarichunta, kantah katteri, puttachunta

Tulu                           :     Gulla , kallante

Urdu                           :      Bhakkatiya , katilla

Punjab                        :       Batkateya  , chotimouhari, Kandiari ,Katela Harnaali, mahovi, mamdi, pilak, abrumba.

Telugu                        :    Challamulaga , Jidduvaste, nelamalaka,  nelavakudu, Tellanelamulaka, tellavakudu

Sinhalese                    :     Ellabattu

Tamil                          :     Kandangattari, sutturam, udaravani, udavani

Sind                            :     Aderajjadenay

Sanskrit                      :     Anakranta, Bahukanta, vyaghri, kshudra, nidigdhika, kshudraphala etc.

 

 

PART USED

 

  1. Whole plant
  2. Root
  3. Fruit

                            

                                     DOSAGE

  • KWATHA – 40 -80ML

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

  • It contains an alkaloid ‘ solenin’, Pottasium chloride, potassium nitrate , Iron, organic acids, diosgenin, b carotene, subsonine, solasodino – L- B-D glucoside (solasurine , Solanocarpine (solnin –S) tomatidienol etc.
  • Root and fruits contain :- solanine and solanidine besidesuary substance , fatty acid and other constituents
  • Also and fruit contains diosgenin.
  • The phyto chemical analysis finds that some monprotoplasmic cell contents like alkaloid , tannin, sugar , stratch, fat, oil, protein , mucilage, lignin, cutin and calcium oxalate present in the plantreact positevly with  diff  of acid, aekalies, salts and dyes. The chromatographic studies have been conducted and observations in regard to various important constituents  are recorded.

 

PROPERTIES

Rasa                         :-            Katu, Tikta

Gana                        :-            Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna

Virya                       :-            Ushna

Vipaka                     :-           Katu

Dosa karma           :-           Kaphavata Hara

 

KARMA

  • Kasahara
  • Kantya
  • Swasahara
  • Hikkanigrahana
  • Muthrala
  • Garbhasaya sankochaka
  • Vajeekarna
  • Garbha sthapana
  • Pumsavana (swetha kantakari)
  • Jwaraghna
  • Sanjna prabodhana
  • Raktha sodhaka
  • Sothahara
  • Vednana sthapana
  • Deepana
  • Pachana
  • Rechana
  • Sukra rechana
  • Ashmarighna

 

 

PRAYOGA

  • Kasa
  • Swasa
  • Parswa soola
  • Swarabedha
  • Hikka
  • Asmari
  • Pooyyameha
  • Moothrakrichra
  • Rajorodha
  • Kashta prasava
  • Klibya
  • Garbhasrava
  • Agnimandya
  • Vibandha
  • Krimi
  • Rakthachapa
  • Rakthavikara
  • Kushta
  • Phiranga
  • Amavatha
  • Charmavikara
  • Jwara
  • Sotha
  • Prathisyaya

 

MEDICINAL USES

1)    PILES

i)             Post drink processed with kantakari sunti dhanyak is  given which acts as corminative and laxative.       (c.chi 14/129)

ii)          One who wants elimination of piles should  take buttermilk kept overnight in a vessel pasted inside kantakhariphala

(A.H.ci8/44)

2)     Cough

i)             Kantakari is the best drug for cough (A.H.U 40-56)

ii)          The soup of greengram made in decotion of kantakari and added with adhrak and sours is efficacious in all types of cough

iii)        Kantakari ghritha  I-II(c –ci 18 /35, 125 -28)

iv)        Ghee cooked with decoction of kantakari or oil processed with kasamarda, vasa bhringaraja or hareethaki mixed with salt checks cough caused by bath (KK 16.20)

v)          Decoction of kantakari added with pippali removes  all type of cough (VM 11.31 also CD 11.25; vj 39)

vi)        The whole plant of kantakari should be cooked by closed heating. The juice obtained and added with pippali powder alleviates cough  branchial asthama  and (other disorders of) kapha (SG 2.1.35)

vii)     The physician  should administer the decoction of kantakari guduchi sunti, cough , facial paralysis, chroniccoryza, anorexia , harshness of voice , abdominal pain indigestion and fever (SG 2.2.48)

 

3)    Bronchial  asthama

Kantakari in the quantity equal to an Amalaka fruit added with half quantity of hingu and taken with honey alleviates asthama with in 3 days (S.S.U.51.55)

 

4)    Chronic coryza

Vyaghri taila (S G 2.9.180)

5)    Udavartha

Barely along with equal quantity of kantakarikaphala is boiled in water  2.56 litres reduced to 320ml. this is added with Hingu given to the patient (SS.U55.50)

6)    Fever

In condition  of pain in pelrc region, sides and head liquid gruel of parched paddy processed with kantakari gokshur  should be given  (AH  ci 1.28)

7)    Epilepsy :-

Snuffing of juice of kantakareephala eliminates the attack of epilepsy and restores consciousness quickly

8)     Suppression and retention of urine:-

i)    Decoction of kantakari with honey is useful in this condition                (A.Sci.13.5 also AHci 11.11 GN2 28.34)

ii)Yavakshara mixed with equal quantity of sugar alleviates all type of dysuria , similarly acts the decotion of kantakari added with the honey (VM 32.22)

iii)              One should take the decoction of kantakari in the dose of 160 ml inorder to eliminate defects of urine .( S.S U.58 .39 also 35 – 39 here honey not added)

9)    Calculus :- root of  Gokshura + Ekshurasa  + Eranda   along with both types of Brihati pounded with milk should be dissolved in sweet curd and taken for a week . it breaks calculs (CS.ci 26.22)

10) Thirst  :- In  case of thirst water boiled with kantakari is given

11) Alasa :- mustard oil cooked with the decoction of kantakari is useful in this case  (SS. U. ci 20.24)

12) Eye disease :- Warm goats milk  processed with the root of kantakari is useful for sprinkling  (SS. U. 9.12)

13) Chronic cough in children:-  Linctus prepared with stamens of kantakari pushpa alleviates chronic cough in children (BS balaroga ci71.161)

14) Ear disease  : coaks feet is cooked with goat’s milk processed with kantakari and  is used for filling in ear disease. (S.S.U.21.13)

15) Swethakari

i) Pushpasava :- swetha brihati kantakari should be pounded with milk and  then installed into the right nostril for son and  into the left for daughter (AH sa 1.40)

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

 

1)    Crude plant extract caused hypotension  which has been attribute dto release of histamine by some constituents  (IJMR 1967, 55, 723)

2)    Plant powder is bronchial  asthama and non specific cough has been explained as due to the depleison  of histamine from lung and its expectorant action as due to in organic nitrate content ( J Res . Med. 1971 , 6, 200)

3)     The efficiency of kantakari is an non specific cough and other respiratory disorders is reported ( chora, 1970 and Krishna 1971)

4)    Role of kantakari in Kasaroga (respiratoary disorders) is situated clinically(singh 1990).

 

VISHISTA YOGAS

 

Vyaghri hareethaki Avaleha     –       Vataja , kaphaja, kshayaja, kshathaja, Kasa ( B.R. kasadhikara)

Vyaghryadi lehya                         –        Gulma, hridroga, arshas, Swasa, kasa

Kantakaree ghritha                      –        Kasa , swasa

1 COMMENT

  1. Thank you very very much for making this site and published. It will very helpful to all students and also ayurvedik practitioners. It has complete information about drugs. It covers all most drugs with proper picture so that it can help for identification.

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