Kushmanda:- Benincasa hispida.thunip

INTRODUCTION

 

Genus  name was given to it by famous italian  botanist Gaetano salvin in 1518 to honourGuseppebeninosa an Italian paron of botany.He called plant as Benincasahispida which means hairy.

IN ‘taitiryopanishad’ kushmanda is designated as for ritual practices as it’s the case with other vedictexts.vishnudarshana mentioned it among vegetables.

Brihattrayi’s have described it under phalavarga and its use is limited to mainly in mutravikara’s and apasmara. All nighantus quoted it extensively.

Dhanvantarinighantu mentions it as the best.

SYNONYMS &INTERPRETATIONS

 

Pushpaphala:-Fruit carry the ruminant of flowers.

Peetapushpa:-Flowers are yellow coloured.

Brihatphala:-Fruits are big in size

Sthiraphala:-Fruits are hard.

Valliphalottama:-Fruits is considered best among cucurbitaceae family.

Kushmanda:-Seeds does not possesushnata.

Kumbaphala:-Fruits are like pitcher.

Somasrishta:-Fruits are watery.

VERNACULAR  NAMES

 

Hindi:-petha,kumbherha,bhalua

English:-white gourd melon

Malayalam:-kumpalam

Kannada:-budhikumpala

Tulu:-karkumbuda

Tamil: -pusanikka

Telugu:budidajummea,gummadi

Punjabi:-petha

Bengali:-kumarha

Marathi:-kohala

Gujarathi:-bhurumkohulu

Arabic:-mahadav

Nepali:-kubindo

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

 

Fruits :- Contain starch ,protein,minerals,an alkaloid(cucurbitine),vitb,sugar& other substance.

Seeds:- Yield a fixed oil which possesantihelmenthicproperties,seeds oil is pale yellow.

Fruit:-Has moisture 96%,protein-0.4%,fat-0.1%,matter-0.3% &vit b,21 iu,carbohydrate-3.2%.

DOSAGE

 

  • Phala choorna:10-20g
  • Beeja choorna;3-6g
  • Beeja taila:5-10ml
  • Swarasa:30-60ml

FORMULATIONS

 

KUSHMANDA RASA:(bangasena ,apasmara)

(bhavaprakasa,madhyamakanda)

Kushmandagrita:(bhavaprakasa,madhyamakanda)

( Charakasamhitasutrasthana)

Khandakushmandaavaleha-(bavaprakasha ,amlapittadhyaya)

Vasakhandakushmandaka-(chakradutta,raktapittachikitsa)

Kushmandaksharam-(bhavaprakasa,madhyamakhanda)

Kushmandayogam-(bhavaprakasa ,asmarirogadhyaya)

Kushmandaswarasam-(cakradutta,asmariroga)

 

PROPERTIES & DOSHAGNATA

 

Rasa:-Madhura

Guna:-Laghu ,snigdha

Virya:-Sheeta

Vipaka:-Madhura

 

DOSHAGNATA:-vata-pitta samaka

Sarvadosahara(pakvaphala/ripe fruits)

KARMA

 

Medhya

Balya

Nidrajanana

Santapahara

Dahaprasamana

anulomana

 

 

RAJA NIGHANTU

Trishnanigrahana

Krimighna

Hridya

Raktapittasamaka

 

DHANVANTARI NIGHANTU

 

 

Shonitastapana

Puphusabalya

Khayahara

Mutrajanana

sukravardaka

 

 

BHAVAPRAKASHA

 

Sandhaniya

Balya

Brahmana

 

 

KAYADEVA NIGHANTU

 

PRAYOGA

  1. Unmada
  2. Apasmara
  3. Mastishkadaurbalya
  4. Smrutibrishta
  5. Manasaroga
  6. Vibanda
  7. Udarasoola
  8. Trishna
  9. Daha-jwara
  10. Daurbalya
  11. Hrudaurbalya
  12. Kshaya
  13. Rajayakshma
  14. Puffusavikara
  15. Kasaswasa
  16. Raktapitta
  17. Amlapitta

 

THERAPUTIC USES

 

The juice of the fruit pulp is very useful in haemoptysis and other internal discharges and beneficial in pthisis.

Drug is a tonic ,brain tonic carmintive,diuretic,refrigerant,antihelmenthic,haemostatic,vitaliser.it pacify thist burning sensation brin and raktapitta.its wholesome  for heart ,body life being rasyana&bhramana promoting dhatu.

Seeds specially oil obtained from seed of drug kushmanda are useful in abdominal worms specifically tapeworms.

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