Kushta – Saussuria lappa C B Clarke – Ayurvedic Herb

Kushta - SAUSSURIA LAPPA C B CLARKE - Ayurvedic Herb

 

 

 

LITERARY REVIEW

  • The drug kushta has been mentioned in veda’s.
  • It is claimed to cure several diseases and posses the properties like Rasayana, vrushya and krimigna.
  • It is specifically mentioned as tamaka nashaka(antipyretic).
  • It is climed to posses aroma and important among all the herb, it is used for dhupa.
  • It is agrya aushadhi for upanaha and abhyanga.
  • And it is used as substitute for tagara.

 

SYNONYMS AND INTERPRETATION

Kushtam:-

  • Cures vata rogas.
  • Its root spreads deep in soil and the plant remain firmly fixed.

Kashamiraja:-

  • Grows mainly in kashmira.

Utpala:-

  • It grows near water sources and great altitudes.
  • It flowers resemble those of lotus in shape.

Pakala:-

  • It brings about dasha paka or roga paka easily.

Paribhashya:-

  • It effectively conquer many disease.

Vapya:-

  • Found near wells.

Vyadhi:-

  • It relieves man from many diseases.

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

  • English:- Kuth, costus.
  • Hindi:- kuta, kura.
  • Kannada:- koshta.
  • Malayalam:- kottam simakkottam.
  • Telugu:- changluva-koshtu.
  • Tamil:- koshtam.

 

OFFICINAL PART

  • Root

 

DOSE

  • Powder : 1-2 gm.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

  • Essential oil.
  • Costol.
  • Taraxas-terol.
  • Costunolide
  • Dehydro costuhactone.
  • Alpha-cyclocostunolide.
  • Sitosterol.
  • Sesquitepenes.
  • Ar-curcumene.
  • isodihydro costuhactone.
  • Costus-lactone.

 

PROPERTIES

  • Rasa:- tikta, katu, Madhura.
  • Guna:- lagu, ruksha, thikshana.
  • Veerya:- ushna.
  • Vipaka:- katu.
  • Doshagnatha:- vata, kaphahara.

 

ACTIONS

  • Lekhaniya.
  • Vrishya.
  • Sukrasodhana.
  • Artavajanana.
  • Stanyajanana.
  • Vedanastapana.
  • Varnya.
  • Arasadaka.
  • Dipana.
  • Sulaprashamana.
  • Swasahara.
  • Mutrala.
  • Jvarghna.
  • Rasayana.
  • Visagna.
  • Rakshogna.

INDICATIONS

  • Kusta
  • Hikka.
  • Kasa.
  • Shvasa.
  • Parshva shoda.
  • Hridroga.
  • Visarpa.
  • Kandu.
  • Vatarakta.

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

External uses:-

Charaka-

Kushta:- dhanyaka and kushta churna is applied as lepa.

Vagbata:-

Arumshika:- kushta is roasted on mud pan till it become back, than it is powdered and strained through a cloth, this is applied on scalp with oil.

Mukhakhanthi vardanaratha:- nimbi swarasa and kushta lepa for 7 days along with honey.

Vangasena:-

Amurshika:- erandamula and kushta in equal part are applied on scalp.

 

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

 

  • Delocalized oil and some lactone fractions of the oil exhibit hypotensive, spasmolytic and brochodilatory effect (chopra,1,958, dutta,1960).
  • Anthlmintic activity of sassurea lappa was established by kokate , in 1986.
  • It is a powder enhanced the aortic prostaglandin, example like activity in experimental rabbits (dwiredi et al 1987).
  • 5 new amino acid sesquiterpene adducts,sausurecemines A.B.C.D.E.F were isolated from the root.(yoshikawa et al,1993)
  • The aqueous extract was administered orally and the effect was compared to cofiibrate. The lipid lowering properly was highly significant(p>0.001). (upadhyay,1994).
  • It has shown significant effect in reducing blood sugar level of obese diabeties.

 

FORMULATIONS

  • Kushtadi churna.
  • Kushtadi thaila.
  • Kushta rasayana.
  • Kushtadi kvatha.
  • Kushtadi prakapa

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