LATA KARANJA

[CAESALPINIA CRISTA]

 

 

LATA KARANJA, is a large scan dent prickly shrub. Botanical name is caesalpiniaclista Linn .Sothahara is considered as one of the most potent quality of the drug along with Jwaragana.

LITERARY REVIEW

 

‘Putika’ or ‘Atika’ terms are found in the vedic literature. It is described in connection with ‘soma’ and in fact described as the substitute for soma. Some commentators consider this plant as a grass, while other accept it as a creeper like soma.  P. V. Sharmaji identifies it with caesalpiniaboundaries.

Though its description appaears to be involved with some  controversy  in the samhita, Nighantu and yoga granthas  elaborated its utility  in therapeutics.(CRAS  made it’s seed powder as one of the important ingredients in Ayush. 64 (a drug evaluated for malaria. The name kuberasaka is more popular today hence the preparation kuberasaka. It is an effective remedy for acute pain abdomen (anti spasmodic, Malarial fever, irritable bowel syndrome (as reported by Dr. K. Nishteswar} and other conditions. Folklore apply its leaf paste for scrotal swelling effectively.

 

SYNONYMS & ITERPPRETATIONS

 

Latakaranja:A scandent shrub or a drug which                           similar property of Karanja but grows as a scandent shrub.

Puthykaranja: Having a foetid smell or bad odour

Kantakikaranj :It has thorns all over the plant and fruits.

Vitapakaranja: Has got bad odour

Kuberaksha: The seeds are lead coloured and is said to be like the eyes of Kubera the god of wealth

Dusparsha                                   : Difficult to touch because of the           presence of thorns on the plant

Vajraviraka                                : Seeds are head like that of diamond

Kantapphala                               : Fruits with wiry Prickles

Ganadaksha                                      : Thecolourof the seed indicates the cornea of a race who are rich

 

DIFFERENTVARITIES

 

As it is already described by Bharamisrain the content of Karanja , it has got three varities.

 

  • Kantakakaranja
  • GhrtaKaranja
  • Karanji

 

GANA OR VARGA

 

  • According to SusruthaSamitha :Adhobagahara
  • Kula :Shimbikula

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English                –                  Bonduct nut, Fever nut, Nicker  tree.

Hindi                    –                  KantaKaranja

Malayalam          –                  kalanchikkru

Tamil                             –                  KazharShikkay

Telgu                             –                  Gachchakaya

 

PARTS USED

 

  • Root bark
  • Leaf
  • Seeds

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

Seeds contain

  • L – r – ethylideneglutamic acid
  • Amino acids
  • L-B-r – caesalpins
  • Caesalpin – F baunducellineetc

 

Other Chemical constituents are

  • Bonbucin
  • Sitosterol
  • Phytosterol
  • Heptocosanc

 

PPROPERTIES

 

Rasa           –        Tikta ,Kashaya

Guna           –        Laghu, Ruksha

Virya           –        Usna

Karma        –        Tridoshahara, varnaropana ,Sothahara

Vipaka        –        Katu

INDICATION

  • Sotha
  • Yakrtroga
  • Pliharoga
  • Vrana
  • Sula
  • Grahani
  • Prameha
  • VisamaJwara
  • Kustha

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION

 

  • Sothagna
  • Jwarahara
  • Raktasatambaka
  • Vedanasthapana
  • Kaphaghna
  • Swasahara
  • Kusthaghna
  • Yakritejaka
  • Virechana
  • Amavatahara
  • Arshoghna
  • Kaphavatasamaka

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • SULA– Kuberaksa alone or along with Haritaki ,Lavana and Hingu is of definite use
  • JWARA – Seed kernel of Kuberaksa and ativisa are powdered and given with equal quantity of sugar at a dose of 250 mg
  • ATISARA – Seed kernel of Kuberaksa should be taken with kanjika
  • RAKTATISARA -The seed kernel of latakaranjashould be given with sour gruel in the morning.
  • IN AGNIMANDYA – the tender leaves of kuberaksha should be taken in the morning with hingu mixed with bidalavana
  • SEED POWDER – is useful in vishamajwara
  • IN SOTHA – Seeds are grounded with Erandapatra and applied

 

FOLKLORE USES:

 

  • Application of it’s leaf paste or seed paste over hydrocele which reduce the scrotal swelling effectively
  • Women put on the necklace made by seeds of this plant on red thread as precautions against Miscarriage
  • Seed considered being powerful tonic. It’s also used in fever by oraon, Mundo in Ranchi district

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

 

  • The nuts were found to have significant anti – diarrhoeal activity in mice [ Iyengar and Pendse]
  • The alcoholic extract of the root and stem are found to have anti – viral activity against vaccina virus[Ohar]
  • The powdered seeds are found to have anti estrogenic activity in mice and rabit.Anti – infertility action of the seeds was noted in mice and rats [ Bhide]

MATRA OR DOSAGE

 

  • Bijamajjachoorna – 5 to 20 gms
  • Patraswarasa – 10 to 20 ml
  • Moolachoorna – 10 to 15 gms

 

YOGA FORMULATIONS

 

  • VisamajwaraghniVati
  • Kuberaksataila

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