“PUSHKARMULA”   – (bn-inula racemosa)

 

LITERARY VIEW

 

In samhita period caraka introduced it under savasa  and hikkanigrahana  groups some authors consider it nadyamara of vedic texts is pushkar mula how ever many opined that it is the synonym of kustha.

In agni purana for the first time pushkar is described as a variety of kustha it is familiar to the country by name pushkara desa hence the name pushkar mula.

During the review it is observed that in the Vedas the term ‘Pusan’ was used to denote lord surya whether the term pushkara mula is used in the sense that is belongs to sun flower family asteracear will be an interesting exploration.

 

SYNONYMS

                         

  • Pushkara mula
  • Paushkara
  • Padma patra
  • Kashmira
  • Mula
  • Pushpa sagara
  • Dheera
  • Gheena
  • Sugandhika
  • Pushkarajata
  • Kushta bheda

 

INTERPRETATIONS

 

PUSHAKARA MULA           –        the roots are similar to the roots of  lotus or                kamala

PAUSHKARA               –        the plant grows near the water or marshy place

PADMAPATRA            –        the leaves are like padma leaves

KASHMIRA                  –        it grows in Kashmir and Himalayas

MULA                           –        useful part is mula

PUSHPA SAGARA      –        having number of flowers

DHEERA                       –        a strong drug used in kasa and svasa

GHEENA                      –        the roots are curved

SUGANDHIKA             –        having a peculiar smell

PUSHKARAJATA        –        a plant grows near watery places and having           fibrous roots

KUSHTA BHEDA        –        a variety of kushtha

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

 

English                      :     Elicampane

Hindi                         :     Pokharmul

Kannada                     :     Pushkara mul

Telugu                        :     Pushkara

Marathi                     :     Pushkara mul

Tamil                          :     Pushkara mulam

Gujrati                        :     Pohkarmul

Cashmini                     :     Poshkar

 

MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

  • Alantalactone
  • Isoalantalactone
  • Inunolide (germacranolide)
  • Dihydro isoalanlactone
  • Beta -Sitosterd
  • D- Mannitd
  • Dihydroinundide
  • Neo-alantolactone
  • Inunolise
  • Sesqiterpene
  • Lactone (inunol)
  • Alantadiene
  • Octadecanoic acid .

 

 

PROPERTIES

 

RASA                        à            Tikta, katu

GUNA                        à            Laghu, tikshna

VIRYA                       à           Usna

VIPAKA                    à            Katu

KARMA                    à            Kaphavata  hara,  hrdya,  dipana.

 

INDICATIONS

 

  • Hikka
  • Kasa
  • Svasa
  • Parsvashula
  • Hrdroga
  • Sotha
  • Adhmana

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  1. Hrdroga :- Powder  of  pushkara mula should be taken with honey (V.M)
  2. Pasvasula:- Pushkara mula churna is given with honey (B.R)
  3. Kasa-Svasa:- Powder of pushkara mula should be administered with                                   dashamula kasaya  (V.M)
  4. Svara bhanga:– The root of pushkara mula is chewed.

 

Officinal part:

Root

Dosage:

1-3 gm à Churna

IMPORTANT PREPARATIONS

 

  • Pushkaramulasava
  • Pushkaradi churna
  • Pushkara churna
  • Puskaradi kasaya
  • Brhat yogaraja guggula
  • Haritayadi churna
  • Sudarshana churna
  • Narayana churna
  • Chayavana prasha

 

Research

  1. Anti – microbial property:
  2. a)  Roots showed in vitro anti fungal activity against irichophyton mentagophytes and microsporum canies (Tripathi et .al ,1978)
  3. b) Curde alcoholic extract exhibited anti-dermatophytic activity(Tripathi ,1978)
  4. c) Anti fungal activity against Mentagophytes and C.albicans is reported (wahab et al., 1982)
  5. Anti pyretic activity :

It has shown a significant anti-pyretic activity and compared well               with sodium salicylates (chowrasia ,1987)

  • Anti helmenthic activity :

The essential oil showed varying degrees of anti helmenthic activity          against earth worm and tape worms ( Mishra et al., 1979)

  1. Cardio tonic activity :
  2. a)  Cardio tonic activity of aq and alcoholic extracts were studied on                                   isolated frogs heart (Sharma tripathi,1986)
  3. The use pushkara mula root in bach ache and allied has disease has been                 recommended at a dose of 1.2 gm root powder along with honey . Its use as                 a tonic and stomachic is also suggested (Trivedi,1984)

 

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