SHARAPUNGA

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Sarapunkha is an important drug which is not found in ancient literature as well as in Caraka samhita. Only 3 references are traceable from works of Susruta & Vagbhata, i.e. in (S.S Ka 7/53), (A.H Ut 30/26), (A.H Ut 38/28). Surprisingly, no other synonym is used to indicate this plant in the Samhithas.

At later Nighantu, have highlighted its role in the management of plihodara. Hence the name plihashatru is given. The author recommends its case usage in the case hepatic cirrhosis where in spleenomegaly is the cardinal sign. It is also described in Dhanvanthari nigantu.

Shivadhatta description about identity of Sharapunka give us a clue to reconsider the general view about the plant Nilika of Brhat trayi which may be a plant similar to Nili.

It is given the name Sharapunka because the leaflet when broken or cut with hand, one end shows the point of an arrow while the other end looks like feather end of arrow. It is an important drug useful in Pleeha.

 

SYNONYMS

 

Sharapunka           –            when leaves are broken or torn one piece looks like a point of an arrow and other looks like feather end of arrow.

Pleehsha                –            Useful in pleeha roga.

Nilivrikhaakrithi    –            Looks like Nili.

Plihaari                  –            Useful in Pleeharoga.

Baanapudanga       –

Shvetaadaya          –            Flowers are white in colour

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English                  –            Purple tephrosia, Coiled Indigo or Wild Indigo

Hindi                     –            Saraphonka, Saraphoka

Kannada                –            Egyali, Koggili, Vajranili

Malayalam             –            Kolinnil, Katamiri

 

VARIETIES

 

Based on Colour -:

 

  • Sveta Sharapunga (Botanically Tephrosia villosa)
  • Rakta Sharapunga

 

 

According to Rajanighantu,

They are 3 types -:

 

  • Sveta Sharapunga
  • Rakta Sharapunga
  • Neela Sharapunga

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

 

 

Beta-Sitosterol

Isolon

Lanceolatins A&B

Pongamol

Karangin

Kangone

Flevichaparin B&C

Methyl Karanjic acid and purpurin

 

It also contains Tephrosine, Deguchi, Isotephrosin, Rotenone, Osiritin

 

 

 

RASA PANCHAKA

 

 

Rasa                   :          Tikta kashaya

Guna                  :          Laghu, rooksha, tikshna

Virya                 :          Ushna

Vipaka               :          Katu

Prabhava           :          Bhedana

Dosaghnatha      :          Kapha-Vata shamaka

Karma                :          Balya, Brhmana, Vajikarana

Rogaghnatha      :          Yakrut uthejaka, Pleehaghna, Gulmaghna, Vranaropana, Vishaghna, Kasaghna, Svasaghna, Rakta vikara hara, Jwaraghna

Indications         :          Vatavyadhi, Klaibya, Kashtarthava, Mutrakrichra

 

USEFUL PARTS

 

 

Moola

Panchanga

Seeds

Pod hair

 

MATRA

 

Moola choorna  :         3-5g

Swarasa             :         10-20ml

Kshara               :         1-2g

Kwatha              :         50-100ml

YOGAS

 

 

  • Sharapunkha Kshara
  • Sharapunkha Hamooladi Khadya

 

 

THERAPEUTIC DOSES

 

 

In Yakrut and Pleeharoga :       root is given with Hareetaki choorna

In Gulma                           :       Panchanga kshara with Hareetaki choorna

In arshas                           :       Moola is given with Thandulambu.

In kasa                              :       Dhoomrapana is done with roots.

In udarashoola                  :       The fresh root bark and mareecha made into    paste and then small pills are made and given.

In gandamala                    :       Root kalka is applied

For vranaropana                      :       Moola choorna with madhu is applied

Shukrasthambhana           :       Root of swetha sarapunkha is chewed as well as applied on penis with sugar and tushodaka.

Kasa                                  :       Inhalation of sarapunkha smoke

 

According to (AH:U:38)

In Mooshika visa              :      Sarapunkha with takra

In gulma                            :      Sharapunkha kshara and Hareetaki choorna.

 

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here