BOTANICAL NAME   : ZANTHOXYLLUM  ALATUM.ROXB.

FAMILY    : RUTACEAE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Tumburu is mentioned in the patanjala Mahabhasya (P M 1 /1 /46 & 7/2/101). Another plant or synonym Tejani is delineated in Jaimini Grhya sutra (J.G.S. 1/20) .

Tejovati and Tumburu are the terms repeatedly used by Brhat Trayi. They have also described Tejohva few times only Vagbhata quoted the synonyn Tejini (A.H Sa 2/42 & ot. 22/56).

I therefore intend to collect all the details regarding , identity , morphology, chemical composition, pharmacology, therapeutic properties from time immemorial to present.

VARIETIES

 

  • Zanthouyllum limonella (Denenit ) Aiston
  • Zanthouyllum alatum. Roxb
  • Zanthouyllum acanthopodium DC.
  • Zanthouyllum alatum DC.
  • Zanthouyllum aromatum DC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYNONYMS

 

  • Tumburu
  • Saurabha – Having pleasant smell
  • Sauro – Having pleasant smell
  • Vanaja – As it is grown in the forest.
  • Tejasvini – As it is having tikshna Guna
  • Saureya – Having pleasant smell.
  • Tejohva – Tikshna dravya or Agni vardaka
  • Tejabala – Agnivardaka
  • Tejani -Tikshna dravya
  • Tejodva – As it is having tikshna guna
  • Soolagna – Soolagna action
  • Sugandi – Having  pleasant smell.

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English      – Toothache Tree

Hindi         –  Tejbal, Trimburu, Tumbura, Napali Dhaniya

Kannada    – Tejaphal, Jinni, Tumburu

Tamil         – Tejaphalam, Tejasvini

Telugu       – Kondakasimanda, Tejasvini

Malayalam         – Tejaphalam, Tejasvini

U.P Hills   – Timur

Bengali      – Nepali Dhane

Arabic        – Phagir karava khandan

Persian      – Kavava dahana kushada.

 

 

USEFUL PARTS

 

  • Bark
  • Fruits

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOSAGE

 

Powder      –        1 -2 gm (Fruit up to 3 gm)

Kashaya    –       50- 100 ml

 

FORMULATIONS

 

  • Tejovatyadi ghrta
  • Tumburvadi curna
  • Tikteksvakvadi tailam
  • Kanakaksiri tailam

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

 

  • Plant contains essential oil, linalocol, dipentence an essential oil, ceramic methyl ester.
  • Bark contains bitter crystalline principle identical with berberine, a volatil oil and resin, alkaloids, dictamine, mangofluorine , xantho planine, skimmianine.
  • Carpals contain a volatil oil, resin, a yellow acid principle and a crystalline solid body xanthoxyline.
  • Carpals of fruit yields an essential oil isomeric with turpentine like eucalyptus oil in odour and property . The essential oil possesses antiseptic disinfect ant and deodorant property.
  • Fruit containing a resinous substance which produces an intense tingling, sensation in the mouth and this irritating principle is possibly fragramide

 

 

PROPERTIES AND DOSHAGNATHA

 

Rasa                     :         Katu , Tikta

Guna                             :         Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna

Virya                             :         Usna

Vipaka                :         Katu

Doshagnatha      :         Kapha vata hara.

 

 

 

KARMA

 

  • Dipana
  • Pachana
  • Denthasodhana
  • Rochana
  • Yakrt uttejaka
  • Sirasula hara
  • Kushtaghna
  • Krimighna
  • Plihaghna
  • Jwaraghna
  • Soola prashamana
  • Kanda sudhikara
  • Kasahara
  • Swasahara

 

 

 

PRAYOGA

 

  • Dentha Vedana
  • Krimi dentha
  • Agnimandhya
  • Aruchi
  • Amavatha
  • Yakrt vikara
  • Pliha vikara
  • Sira soola
  • Kushta
  • Krimi
  • Soola
  • Kanda roga
  • Kasa
  • Swasa
  • Jwara

 

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  1. Mukha roga : Equal parts of paatha , Tejovti and Haritaki are powdered mixed with honey and chewed (C.S. Ci 26)
  2. Arsas : Tumburu, vidanga, Devadaru and Yava are mixed with ghee and used for fumigation. (C.S. Ci. 26)
  3. Karna sula : oil prepared with hingu, Tumburu and sunthi is used as ear drops ( C. S. Ci 26)
  4. In sarpavisha   :       Tejohva pushpa swarasa with Agada.
  5. Used as resayana:    Tejohva beeja and twak curna.
  6. Krimi – 1 gm of Beeja curna given internally to the children.
  7. Stem of the plant used as tooth brush.

 

 

PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • Fruit is used against dyspepsia, as a carminative and stomachache.
  • Branches are used as miswak (tooth brush).

FOLKLORE USES

 

  • Decoction or infusion of bark and seeds used as an aromatic tonic in fevers , dyspepsia and cholera.
  • Fruits as well as the branches and thorns, used as a remedy for toothache; also as carminative and stomachic.
  • Elsewhere , used for asthma , bronchitis , cholera, fever, indigestion, toothaches, varicose veins & rheumatism.
  • Sino – Annamites are the leaves and fruits as carminative , sudorific, emmenagogue, and astringent.
  • In Indian system of medicine used as stomachic, carminative and anthelmintic .
  • Fruits and seeds used as aromatic tonic in fever, dyspepsia and cholera.

 

RESEARCH WORKS

 

Anthelmintic activity of extracts of stem bark investigated; ethereal extract exhibited maximum activity against custodies followed by alcoholic and chloroform extracts.

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