Vishamushti

VishamushtiAgeratum conyzoides

Ageratum is an annual herb that grows about 60 cm high and producer small pretty pink flower at the top of its hairy stems. In some countries it is considered an A weed that is hard to control. Ageratum ranges from southeastern north America to central America, but the center of orgin is in central America and the caribbean. Ageratum is also found in several countries in tropical and sub tropical regions, including Brazil. Ageratum  is also a most common  annual herb which is also common in India. In south India is grown abuntantly and is being considered as a weed. In south it is being found is a white veriety too. It is widely utilized in traditional medicine system where our it grows. It  is been have much medicinal importance all over the world

 

Vernacular Names Of Ageratum conyzoides

 

Sanskrit         :           Vishamushti

Kannada       :           Helukase, naayi  thulasi

Konkoni        :           Sahadevi

Malayalam   :           Muryanpacha , appa

Marati           :           Osaadi

Tamil              :           Pumppillu

Telungu         :           Pokabanthi

Tulu                :           Naayi thulasi

English           :           Goat weed, white weed.

Gujarati         :           Ajagandha

Latin               :           Catinga de bode.

French           :           Wedusan.

Indonesia      :           Bandotan

Jamaica         :           Rumpat tahi ayam

Oriya              :           Pokaseenga

 

Systematic classification

 

Kingdom                      Planatae – planets

 

Subkingdom                Tracheobiouta – Vascular plant

 

Super division              Spermatophyte – seed plants

 

Devision                     Magnoliophyte – flowering plants

 

class                          Magnoliopsida – Dicolyledous

 

Sub class                     Asteridae

 

Order                          Asteraless

 

Family                          Asteraceae – aster family

 

Genes                         Ageratum .L

 

Species                       conyzoids.

Family character

Ageratum in an annual herb

It is an aromatic drug.

It grows about 60 am high.

Stem                 –     Slender, short, erect stem, branched, hairy and columnar, rough, green when fresh, Dry young stem green, pubscent, sleukes & flatteed .

Leaves             –     Leaves are stalked and two to three inches long and hairy both the sides, opposite, obeliotate, ovate venation is unicostate, reticulate.

Stalk                 –     Stalks are 4 about one inch long and hairy.

Flower             –     Numerous, pale blue, white, pink and foul smelling.

Fruits               –     Fruits are minute & block.

Inflorescence –     Compound  coryamb

Other important  member of the family

Ageratum salbia

Ageratum americana

Ageratum bovicornuta

Ageratum deserti

Ageratum gigantensis

Distribution of Habitat

Here, habitat means natural geographical range of a spices Habitation  means locality where a plant is indigenous.

 

Their plant is basically a native of Tropical America & Caribbean .It ranges from Southeasten North American to Central America. Also found in  Brazil,Africa,Java,Malaya,Phillippines,Trividad, Venizuela. In India it is found in Kerala, Karnataka , Tamilnadu, Gujarat etc.

It is being considered as weed and is hard  to control.

Morphology

The plant has numerous adventitous   slenter roots present in clusters growing from nodes & internodes. There are pale  yellow & measures up to  15 cm long and 2.5mm thick.

Stem

Long, cylindrical, rough, hispidity hairy , they are much branched & green when fresh. Dry young stem is pale yellow, pubescent, shrunken & flattered.

Leaves

They are opposite alternative, upper region, petiolate  ovate or triangular ovate.Lamina is thin more or less, hairy on both sides.Venation is unicostate, reticulate.

Flower

Numerous, pale blue, white, pink in colour. They are foul smelling.

Fruits

Fruits are minute&black.

Useful part

Root

Leaf

Whole plant

Dosage

Infusion         –           1 cup  twice daily

Tincture         –           2.3 ml twice

Capsules        –           1-2 gm twice daily.

 

Chemical composition

 

Ageratum contains many bioactive compounds including flavonoids , alkaloids, cumarins, essential oils, cheomenes, benzofurans, terpenoids, and tonics. The main plant chemical   found in the plant include: 6,7-dimethoxy-2, 2- dimethyl  chromene, 6-demetoxyageratocheomene, 6- vinyl-demethoxy – agreatocheomene,ageratocheomene, alpha-cubebene , alpha pinene, conyzorigin  , endo bosneol , ethyl –engenol, ethyvaxillin, farnesol, friedelin, HCN , kaempferol, beta sitosteed, candinene.

Organoleptic  study

 

Colour           :           Flowers are white, pink pale blue

Odour            :           Foul smell

Taste              :           Sour & bitter

Size                :           3 feet

Shape            :           Fruits are depressed.

Properties

 

Rasa               –           Tikta, katu

Guna              –           Laghu, rooksha, theeksha

Veerya           –           Ushna

Vipaka           –           Katu

Dosaghna     –           Pittahara, vatahara, kaphahara

Pharmacotherapeutic properties & actions

Antineoplastic

Extract of the flower did not renders. Any antineoplastic activity against ascetic form of Schwartz leukaemia.

Antimicrobial

Essential oil obtained from the plant shows antibacterial activity against vibrio. Cholerae,O-gawa, shigella , shigaci.

Antihelmeathic

The essential oil of the plant exhibit antihelmeathic activity against taenia solium & pheretima pasthuma.

It also relieves pain, inflammation, reduces spasms, fever, kills bacteria, relaxes muscles, kills insects, heals wound, prevent ulces, cleanses blood, stops bleeding, stimulates digestion, reduces mucus, rheumatism, urinary  infections, pneumonia, dysentery, diabetis, tumor, flu, cough.

Phamacotheraputic uses

Diarrohoea              – Infusion of whole plant is given as a tonic to cure diarrohoea.

 

Anal prolapse          – Juice of herb is given

 

Skin disease              – A hot poultice of the leaves and stem is applied over affected part,

 

Wounds                    – Leaf juice or leaf paste for application to fresh wound for immediate                                               cure.

 

Epilepsy                     – Squeeze the leaves with a pinch of common salt and extract the juice                                   put 2-3 drops of juice in both nostrils once only.

Folklore uses

  • A decoction of fresh plant is used as hairwash, leaving hair soft, fragment & dandruff free
  • Tea made of flower head mixed with Ocinurm tenrifolium is used to treat cough & cold
  • Juice of flowerhead is used externally to treat scabies, whitest a paste of them is used to treat rheumatism.
  • A paste of leaf mix with Bideus pilosa, Drymaica cordata, Galinsoga parviflora and rhizome of Zingiber officinate is used to treat snake bite.
  • Paste of leaf is used as poultice to remove thorn from stem
  • Juice of fresh plant is also used in treating post parturn uterium haemorehage.
  • Dry plant is also used in treating post partum uterium haemosehage.
  • Dry plant is powered and used to cuts, sored, ruptures caused by leporasy.

Recent Reserch Advances

Laboratory research has validated several of ageratums uses in traditional medicines. Just tube studies have reported that extract of the whole plant have an antibacterial action against staphylocus aureus, bacillers sublities,eschericlchia coli, and Pseudomounas aeruginosa. In animal studies, it is demonstrated as muscle relaxing and pain relieving effect, confirming its popular use for rheumatism. In Brazil, a water extract of the whole plant war given to human patients with arthrities, 66% reported a decrease in pain and inflammation and 24 % reported an improvement in mobility after one week of treatment without side effects. Reserch in Africa confirmed its traditional uses for wound healing in animal studies in 2003.

Research in India reported that ageratum protect mice from radiation damage & prevented ulcer in mice. Both cellular protection actions were attributed, in part, to an antioxidants effect noted for ageratum.

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